After the food safety scare regarding Nanna’s Frozen Berries (click here for more details), everyone is on the lookout for food poisoning threats. Normally caused by bacteria or a virus found on the food but in some cases, there are chemicals added to food and high levels of some ingredients like iodine can also cause health problems.
If you suffer from food poisoning, the symptoms you need to be aware of are fever, vomiting and diarrhoea but in rare cases, it can cause cysts, paralysis, seizures, dementia and death (which I would argue, it is probably too late at that point).
Here are the top ten causes of food poisoning are;
- Bacillus – Common bacteria found in rice, starchy vegetables, meat products, cereal foods, sauces, puddings and spices it causes vomiting and diarrhoea that usually last around 24 hours.
- Campylobacter – Found in raw and undercooked poultry, unpasteurised milk and contaminated water and causes fever, nausea, diarrhoea and cramps.
- Botulism – This can be found in honey, home canned vegetables and fruit, corn syrup and fermented fish. It causes the victim to have lethargy, blurred vision, paralysis and death from respiratory failure if not treated quickly.
- Clostridium perfringens – Found in meats, poultry, gravy, dried and pre-cooked foods causes watery diarrhoea, cramps and nausea.
- E coli – A Bacteria found in uncooked beef and unpasteurised milk. It can cause diarrhoea and cramps.
- Listeria – This can be in soft cheeses, ready to eat deli meats and unpasteurised milk can cause meningitis, sepsis and fever.
- Salmonella – This pathogen is found in undercooked poultry, raw egg, mayonnaise, sprouts, tahini and causes headache, fever, cramps, diarrhoea, vomiting.
- Staphylococcus aureus – In cream desserts and pastries and potato salad and causes vomiting and abdominal cramps.
- Norovirus – Transmitted when a person with the virus handles food causes fever, nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhoea and headache.
- Trichinosis – A parasitic infection found in animals, normally pigs, that were infected by the larvae of a worm called Trichinella. The worms mate in your intestines and the females lay eggs, which then develop into immature worms that travel through the arteries into the muscles and form cysts.
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